Ubuntu is an operating system based on the Linux kernel. It’s one of the popular Debian-based Linux distributions out there in the market. Now you might be thinking about Debian, don’t worry I explain…
Debian is a Linux Distribution that creates free and open-source software. Using the Linux kernel(Heart of an operating system) a large community of people developed, modified, and creates a new OS that is free to use for everyone. It supports thousands of free downloadable applications. If you want to learn more about Debian then check this out.
While thousands of Linux distributions are available in the market but one of the most loved Debian GNU/Linux distributions is obviously Ubuntu. It’s a great entry-level Linux distribution that’s user-friendly for beginners, especially for those of you that have been using Windows or Mac OS.
Unlike Windows and Mac OS the Ubuntu is completely free and open-source whether you plan to use it as your primary operating system or run it alongside windows and mac. You can directly go to their website ubuntu.com or you can use this link to download the software.
On the download page, you find many options like Ubuntu Desktop, Server, Cloud, IoT, and Flavored then choose accordingly your need. Whether you plan to use it as your primary operating system or run it alongside another you can download the ISO file directly from the Ubuntu website.
I recommend downloading the latest version offering long-term support near the bottom of the downloads page you will find the installation guides for both Windows and Mac OS.
In this post, we mainly discuss the latest version of Ubuntu 20.04 and explore its features and utilities, So let’s get started…
The Outlook and Interface:
The Outlook is clear and refreshing and full of different colors and icons. In the left pane, there are all the necessary apps and utilities are found like Internet browser, file, and folders, document editor, music player, and help. All these are visible with great icons and anytime you can customize these as per your needs.
Compare to other operating systems the interface is quite different let’s first take a look at the top bar clicking on activities in the top left gives you a search bar to help find programs files and folders on your computer.
On the right side is workspaces which are virtual desktop created for multitasking, where you can create multiple
desktop environments on the same computer when you have any programs opened they will show up to the right of
activities. This helps you when you work on multiple applications and need to organize those in a structured way.
On the top middle of the desktop, there are date and time displays, and clicking on them brings up a calendar and any notifications. Every time you received any notification it will appear there but if you don’t want these you can enable the do not disturb option anytime.
On the top right corner, you’ll see the system indicators. Selecting any of them brings up a single menu to adjust the system volume, and network settings, lock your screen, and you can restart or power off your computer from here with ease.
In the lower-left there is the app drawer this is where you’ll find the programs that are installed on your computer. If you hover your mouse on the eight dot square button it shows applications and all the utilities inside the system. In the lower middle, you can switch between your most frequently used programs.
Ok that’s all for the intro now you have a better idea of the operating system and hopefully, you are able to operate your Ubuntu system. let’s dive deeper into the various features of this operating system…
Features of Ubuntu:
Ubuntu is Debian GNU/Linux-based OS that’s why we can access the software in two different ways. One way to type the commands in the terminal, although many of the advanced users and developers use their system in this way. But for new users and those who loved to use their system visually, there is GUI(Graphical User Interface) option available.
Just you have to enable the option in the boot menu in order to use this feature.
It’s a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox uses a Gecko rendering engine( A technique to convert HTML documents into a human interactive visual representation format) to display webpages in the browser.
The official version of Firefox is available for all major OS like Windows 7, 10, Mac, and other Linux distributions. The unofficial versions are very much used in various Unix and Unix-like operating systems including FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, illumos, and Solaris Unix. The browser also supported OS like Android and iOS.
Firefox was created in 2002 under the code name “Phoenix” by the Mozilla community members and over the years it creates a fanbase worldwide. The speed, security, and wide range of Addon availability made firefox one of the strong competitors of Internet explorer.
It’s a free and open-source office productivity software suite, A project of The Document Foundation TDF( A non-profit organization that promotes open-source office suite software). Earlier it was called OpenOffice.org which was an open-source version of StarOffice.
LibreOffice suite consists of programs for word processing, creating and editing spreadsheets, slideshows, diagrams, and drawings, working with databases, and composing mathematical formulae. It is available in 115 languages.
It’s available for a vast range of OS platforms like Microsoft Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS, and Chromebook. You can also access LibreOffice online via its webpage without installing it.
The default Office suite for Linux-based operating systems is the most actively developed free and open-source office suite.
Included features like Writer, Calculator, Impress, Draw, Math, and base help a user to create edit, and present documents as well as calculate and develop any equation.
Mozilla Corporation created a Free and open-source cross-platform email client used for personal information organizer, news sharing, web feed sharing, and chatting.
Released in 2004 Thunderbird can manage multiple emails, newsgroup, and news feed accounts and supports multiple identities within accounts. Features such as quick search, saved search folders (“virtual folders”), advanced message filtering, message grouping, and tags help manage and find messages.
Other features are Junk filtering, extension and theme support, and different mail protocol support makes it a valuable email client.
POP, IMAP, LDAP, S/MIME, and OpenPGP all these protocols and encryption standards are supported by Thunderbird.
Linux, Mac, and Windows all platforms are all supported by thunderbird.
Transmission is a BitTorrent client which features a variety of user interfaces on top of a cross-platform back-end. Its a free software licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License, with parts under the MIT License.
It allows users to quickly download files from multiple peers on the Internet and to upload their own files. By adding torrent files via the user interface, users can create a queue of files to be downloaded and uploaded. Within the file selection menus, users can customize their downloads at the level of individual files. The transmission also seeds, that is, it will automatically share downloaded content.
GNOME Software is a utility for installing applications and updates on Linux. It is part of the GNOME Core Applications and was introduced in GNOME 3.10.
The program is used to add and manage repositories as well as Ubuntu Personal Package Archives (PPA). Ubuntu replaced its previous Ubuntu Software Center program with GNOME Software starting with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, re-branded as “Ubuntu Software”. It also supports fwupd for servicing system firmware.
A Package Management System( PMS):
PMS is an automated software tool that automated the process of installing, upgrading, configuring, and removing computer programs.
Many additional software packages are accessible from the built-in Ubuntu Software (previously Ubuntu Software Center) as well as any other APT-based package management tools.
Workspaces refer to the grouping of windows on your desktop. You can create multiple workspaces, which act like virtual desktops.
To add a workspace, drag and drop a window from an existing workspace onto the empty workspace in the workspace selector.
this can be useful if you multitask working on different projects within the first couple hours of loading up a fresh install of an operating system you will want to install new programs onto your computer there are many ways to do this.
The Software Application:
The Ubuntu software application is a good place to start it can be accessed in the dock or in the app drawer click on it to load it up. if you know the specific program that you’re looking for select the search icon in the upper right and a search box will appear just type the name of the program that you’re looking for and it will appear if available.
if you work with and edit raw images darktable is a good one so I’ll select that then click on install when it’s finished that program will be available for use on your computer for browsing the web.
rhythm box helps to keep your music organized you can also create playlists and listen to podcasts. you can listen to high-quality songs with minimal disturbance. It’s available from the booting of Ubuntu.
Shotwell Photo Manager:
the photo manager is used to import your photos and keep them organized and videos which are also known as totem are the default video player.
Support for Third-party Apps :
VLC is a free and open-source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVDs, Audio CDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.
If you don’t like the defeat multimedia app and want to install a third-party app for like VLC media player all you have to do is first download the software from snapstore. then install it and enjoy your content in high definition environment.
Other famous apps like Google Chrome browser, Steam gaming client, WordPress desktop client, ATOM text editor, GIMP photo editor, Google play music, Synaptic package manager, Skype, Virtualbox, Ubuntu Cleaner, Audacity, etc. and many more supported by Ubuntu
Some lightweight Games:
Ubuntu also has simple lightweight games which are very interactive so let’s check them out…
It’s a logical and combination-based solving puzzle game. The goal of Sudoku is to fill the cells with numbers from 1 to 9.
The numbers are placed in 9 squares, 3×3 each, thus, in each row, in each column, and in each small square there are 9 cells.
The same digit can be used only once in each separate column, each line, and in each small square.
Mahjong or mah-jongg is a tile-based game that was developed in the 19th century in China and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century. It is commonly played by four players.
Some other games like Chess, Aisle Riot Solitaire, Free Cell Solitaire, and Mines are also built into the system.
Ubuntu is always free software and you can use it for your home as well as the business purpose at no cost. The free software community offers quality infrastructure and long-term support for services.
Ubuntu includes thousands of pieces of software, starting with the Linux kernel version 5.4 and GNOME 3.28, and covering every standard desktop application from word processing and spreadsheet applications to internet access applications, web server software, and email software, programming languages and tools, and of course several games.
Ubuntu is entirely committed to the principles of open-source software development; They encourage people to use open source software, improve it and pass it on for future use.