Fedora Operating System is an Open-source Operating System built and maintained by a community using the Linux Kernel architecture.
Fedora, the Only Linux Distribution that creates an operating system that is free to download, use, and modified according to your needs. All the software, packages, and features included inside are totally free.
Initially came from a project called “The Fedora Project” which is an independent project to coordinate the development of Fedora Linux and sponsored primarily by Red Hat (Software company), a subsidiary of IBM ( Technology Company), with additional support from other companies.
The Fedora community has thousands of users, contributors, and supporters, who interact through various online forums, email lists, and wikis to support each other. With a rapid development and release cycle, Fedora provides the latest technology on current hardware platforms.
The size and expertise of the Fedora open source community make it the ideal testing ground for features that eventually get incorporated into Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
After Red Hat dropped the Fedora project, it was released as a free Linux distribution and became a trademark for Red Hat Inc.
Warren Togami began Fedora Linux in 2002 as an undergraduate project at the University of Hawaii. His intention was to provide a single repository(storage location for software packages) for well-tested third-party software packages so that non-Red Hat software would be easier to find, develop, and use.
The name of Fedora derives from Fedora Linux, a volunteer project that provided extra software for the Red Hat Linux Distribution. Later Fedora Linux was absorbed into Fedora Project.
The key difference between Fedora Linux and Red Hat Linux was that Fedora’s repository development was maintained by a Global Volunteer Community.
Fedora Linux was launched in 2003, and in these eighteen years, they release new versions every six months.
From Version 3, they released two sets of software a Fedora Core with all basic packages and Fedora Extra with additional repositories mainly for testing purposes.
This process stopped from Fedora 7 and since the release of the 21st version, they categorize the version into three sections like Workstation, Server, and Atomic (cloud computing).
In April 2020, Fedora Workstations are shipped with Lenovo-made Thinkpad laptops.
Fedora is generally released and updated every six months and provides only one month of support for the previous version, where each new release is built on top of the kernel or OS framework.
Fedora-based variants are further published under different names and are commonly known as Fedora Spins. They include operating systems such as Red Hat Linux enterprise edition, CentOS, and XO.
Fedora is usually supported for at least 13 months, maybe longer in some editions but Fedora users can upgrade from version to version without reinstalling. Within OS there is an Upgrade option available.
The first set of Fedora releases, known as Fedora Core 1-4, was launched within the period 2003-2005, followed by the Fedora Core 5-6 set in 2006, and Fedora 7-8 set in 2007.
Like this they released 32 editions till 2020, all these versions are no longer supported by the Fedora Project.
Then this story continues and from 2020 to date 33 and 34 editions are released and the upcoming 35th is coming on 19-10-2021.
The Fedora 34 is a massive update that comes with a brand new desktop, ingenious performance improvements, and it delivers the best experience from a machine.
Some new features included GNOME 40 desktop, Zstd compression, new spins with i3 tiling window manager, BTR file system, Systemd-OOMD as default, Wayland and ARM Updates for KDE Plasma, and lots of other package and toolchain updates.
After version 30 Fedora started to release five different editions for different purposes. They are…
Workstation – It targets users who want a reliable, user-friendly, and powerful operating system for their laptop or desktop computer and comes with GUI based GNOME Desktop environment.
Server – Its target usage is for servers. It includes the latest data center technologies. This edition doesn’t come with a desktop environment. From Fedora 28, Server Edition will deliver Fedora Modularity, adding support for alternative update streams for popular software such as Node.js and Go.
CoreOS – This edition has only the bare essentials of the operating system. It is focused on cloud computing. It shows only the minimal image of the Fedora, to give more space to develop.
IoT – in this edition the features of the Fedora are minimized and optimized in a way they run on the Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
Silverblue – This edition is the best choice for users who want immutable desktops. And the developers who use container-based workflows can also make use of it.
The top seven features of Fedora:
1. Regular Update:
Fedora is known for its innovation and always adopts new technologies earlier than any other operating system. Every update comes within six months and integrates all the new trending technology.
It means when you use fedora you get the new features and applications first. Although they verify all the features first they are included in the system.
Software, Libraries, and Drivers are always updated from time to time and give you the best possible experience.
2. Variety of Spins:
With Fedora, you get their Graphical User Interface called GNOME desktop. It’s a free open-source desktop environment for Fedora and is largely contributed by Red Hat Enterprise Linux. GNOME uses Gnome Shell for performing tasks like launching applications, switching between windows, and launching Widgets.
And Spins means when we add two different desktop environments and create a new graphical workspace. For example, we can choose two or more Desktop Environments like (KDE Plasma, Xfce, LXQt, LXDE, MATE, Cinnamon, and i3) and mix them and create a brand new MIx.
i3 tiling window manager helps you to run something other than GNOME, you can choose from a wide range of desktop environments.
These spins can be downloaded and give you a different look and feel altogether. The link is included here at the end.
All Fedora editions use SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux) a Linux Kernel level security module that supports access control policies.
It reduces the surface of vulnerability through a technique called hardening, which Fedora does for all of its packages. Fedora IoT also supports TPM2, SecureBoot, and automated decryption with Clevis.
4. Truly Open-Source:
Here we use the term Truly open source means all the other so-called open-source Linux Distributions are integrated Propitiatory software day by day and that means you have to pay for those applications and services.
But Fedora sticks to the term open source and they remain transparent for their users by using only free stuff.
All the software, packages, spins, repositories, applications are used here 100% free with no terms and conditions.
5. Community Support:
They are one of the Largest Communities in Linux Development and distribution. Whenever you have doubts or queries the Ask Fedora community is here to help you.
Forums, Wikis, and Blogs are also available to answer your queries and give you technical support. Plenty of topics are discussed here by full of like-hearted people like you and me.
A community full of system administrators, network administrators, Linux enthusiasts have maintained these blogs and forums, so you get the correct reply from the best people.
6. Package Management:
As a subsidiary of Red Hat, Fedora uses the RPM Package Management System.
It uses the Delta RPM to install packages, the main advantage of the delta RPM is, it can differentiate old and new versions and only the new features installed to avoid network traffic and bandwidth consumption.
Flatpak (a utility in software deployment and package management in Linux) support is included by default and Ubuntu Snap (management utility from Canonical) support can be included in the system.
Out of the box, Fedora comes with a variety of pre-installed software applications, including LibreOffice and Firefox. Users can add additional software from the software repositories through the DNF package manager or GNOME Software.
Some Softwares are unavailable in Fedora repositories because they violate the open-source law but you can install them by using third-party repositories like RPM Fusion.
RPMfusion contains a wide range of software that are not shipped with Fedora and not available in the official repositories, and once you add RPMfusion repositories to Fedora, it’s very convenient to get software from there.
Fedora also provides users with an easy-to-use build system for creating their own repositories called Copr.
Fedora has always been a great operating system, with its stock desktop, streamlined environment, and open-source nature. It’s a popular Linux Distribution created mainly for developers and professionals, therefore it’s a highly reliable system.
The software availability and performance make it suitable for everybody, at the same time provides a great computing environment altogether.
If you want a fast, dependable system that also has good software selection and community support, Fedora is a superb choice for you.
Fedora is a very dependable system that also offers you much newer packages and this makes it a great choice for students, software professionals, and Developers, and all the tech-gigs.
If you want to try Fedora Workstation or Spins just go there by clicking the below links —